The Health News United Kingdom July 10 2017

Overview

  • Abortion becomes the birth control that women need when the contraceptive method they use lets them down.
  • Cancer – the most feared disease among the public ahead of Alzheimer’s, stroke, depression, heart disease and multiple sclerosis – is now one of the most common life-changing events in people’s lives.
  • Children with higher IQs may be at a lower risk of dying from a range of major diseases such as respiratory, coronary heart disease, and stroke.

News on Health Professional Radio. Today is the 10th of July 2017. Read by Tabetha Moreto. Health News

http://www.bbc.com/news/health-40520235

One in four women who had an abortion in two thousand and sixteen were using the most reliable methods of contraception, says the British Pregnancy Advisory Service.

More than  fourteen thousand women, who were treated at BPAS clinics, became pregnant despite using the pill or a long-acting contraceptive.

They often spotted their pregnancy late because they hadn’t expected their contraception to fail.

No method of contraception can ever be one hundred percent effective.

But long-acting reversible methods are said to have a very low failure rate (ninety nine percent effective).

Oral contraceptive pills are by far the most popular way of protecting against unplanned pregnancy among women, but long-acting methods – known as Larcs – are catching up.

They include contraceptive injections, implants and intra-uterine devices (IUDs) or systems (IUSs).

Contraceptive pills are estimated to be ninety one percent effective while condoms are eighty two percent effective when used typically.

However, BPAS says unplanned pregnancies can occur if the method is not inserted properly, or if it moves or falls out.

It also says hormonal contraception, such as the pill or patch, can mask the symptoms of pregnancy because they may cause light or irregular periods.

This may be why women using these methods have abortions at a later stage than other women.

The legal limit for abortions is twenty four weeks in England, Wales and Scotland. Women in Northern Ireland are now able to get free abortions in England.

Abortion is birth control that women need when their regular method lets them down.

Out of sixty thousand women who had an abortion at BPAS clinics last year, more than half were using at least one form of contraception.

The total number of abortions in England and Wales has been around one hundred eighty-five thousand five hundred during each of the last few years.

http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/entry/cancer-is-now-more-common-than-marriage-in-the-uk-macmillan-report_uk_595f5e1fe4b0d5b458e99fd5?utm_hp_ref=uk-health-news

Being diagnosed with cancer is now one of the most common life-changing events in people’s lives. In fact, it’s more common than marriage.

That’s according to a new report from Macmillan Cancer Support which found there are over seventy thousand more new cases of cancer each year in UK than new marriages.

The disease is also the most feared among the public, ahead of Alzheimer’s disease, stroke, depression, heart disease and multiple sclerosis.

But the charity has urged people to change their perceptions of cancer, by emphasising that ‘life with cancer is still life’.

A Macmillan spokesperson said: “Cancer is almost always life-changing, but it isn’t always life-ending. Life with cancer is still life – you’re still a dad, a sister, a grandparent, a friend.”

Jane Ives a forty nine year old mum of two from Hampshire, was diagnosed with breast cancer in two thousand and fourteen. She said that getting a diagnosis of cancer was probably the single most terrifying thing that has happened to her.  She also said that her biggest fear

fear by far was not seeing my children fully grow up. Not being there for those milestones in their lives – their graduations, their weddings maybe.

Macmillan’s report, ‘The C-Word: How we react to cancer today’, found that for one in ten people in the UK, cancer is their biggest fear of all, ahead of losing a loved one, their own death or even terrorism.

It also highlighted that people’s perceptions and fears around cancer can be unhelpful in supporting them to understand their choices when they are diagnosed.

One in three people (thirty four percent) said when they were first told they had cancer, they were in a daze and couldn’t take anything in.

As one in two people will get cancer at some point in their lives and more and more people are living longer after cancer, Macmillan wants the public to have a better understanding of the reality of a cancer diagnosis.

It has launched a major new advertising campaign called ‘Life with cancer’ which it hopes will remove some of the fear around diagnosis and highlight the support that is available for people living with cancer today.

A positive new approach to cancer awareness, the campaign reflects the insight that 85% of people with cancer don’t want to be defined by the disease.

Macmillan’s research shows that nine in ten (ninety percent) people living with cancer say they are still living their lives as normally as they can.

http://www.webmd.boots.com/children/news/20170629/higher-childhood-iq-longer-life

Children with higher IQs may be at a lower risk of dying from a range of major diseases, according to a study in The British Medical Journal.

The findings suggest that higher intelligence in the early years is an important determinate of future lifestyle choices that influence the risk of dying from heart disease, stroke, respiratory disease, dementia and some cancers.

The findings by a team from the University of Edinburgh are based on data from thirty-three thousand five hundred thirty-six men and  thirty-two thousand two hundred twenty-nine women born in Scotland in nineteen thirty six. All those included in the research had taken an IQ test when they were eleven.These results were then cross referenced with causes of death up to two thousand and fifteen.

After making adjustments for other factors that might otherwise have skewed the results, they found that higher childhood intelligence was linked to a lower risk of dying until the age of seventy nine.

          Those with higher IQ test scores had:

  • A twenty eight percent lower risk of dying from respiratory disease
  • A twenty five reduced risk of death from coronary heart disease
  • A twenty four lower risk of dying from a stroke

There was also some association seen between higher intelligence and a lower risk of dying from injuries, smoking related cancers, digestive disease and dementia.

The researchers say that despite some weaknesses in data available to them, their study benefits from being able to draw on a cross-section of an entire population as well as almost seven decades of follow up.

 

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