The Health News USA December 12 2017

  • According to a US study, when one person in a household gets prescribed opioids, the other people who live with them are more likely to get their own prescriptions for these narcotic painkillers.  Researchers examined data on about 12.6 million people living in a household where someone was prescribed opioids and 6.4 million individuals in homes where someone was prescribed a different option for pain – NSAID drugs.
  • A new study finds that among young adults who didn’t smoke cigarettes, the ones who had used electronic cigarettes were more than 4 times as likely than non vaping peers to start smoking traditional tobacco cigarettes within 18 months. Almost half of the participants in the study who were vaping later began using regular cigarettes for the first time.
  • Lia, a startup from Philadelphia, has gotten clearance from the FDA to sell its flushable pregnancy test on the market. The product is the first and only FDA-approved flushable, biodegradable pregnancy test. The test has no glass or plastic and requires no batteries. It is made with a special paper that works long enough to take the test, but then degrades in water. Just like plastic pregnancy tests, the Lia tests will react to the pregnancy hormone found in urine called hCG, displaying two lines to indicate pregnancy, one line if not.

News on Health Professional Radio. Today is the 12th of December 2017. Read by Tabetha Moreto.

http://www.foxnews.com/health/2017/12/11/opioid-painkiller-prescriptions-may-run-in-families.html

According to a US study, when one person in a household gets prescribed opioids, the other people who live with them are more likely to get their own prescriptions for these narcotic painkillers.  Researchers examined data on about twelve point six million people living in a household where someone was prescribed opioids and six point four million individuals in homes where someone was prescribed a different option for pain – non prescription steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) drugs. The study found that eleven point eighty three percent of people living with someone prescribed opioids and eleven point eleven percent of people living with a person prescribed NSAIDs started taking opioids over the next year.
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The researchers wrote in JAMA Internal Medicine that opioid prescriptions in the U.S. surged by three hundred percent from nineteen ninety one to two thousand nine and totaled two hundred forty six million by two thousand fifteen. To assess how one person’s prescription might influence others in their household, the study team looked at insurance claims from two thousand to two thousand fourteen for people who were living together and had the same benefits. The rise in risk of opioid use with another user in the household was small across all age groups. It was greatest, at one point twenty six percentage points, for adults aged twenty six to thirty five and it was lowest, at zero point forty one percentage point, for children eleven or younger.

https://www.cnbc.com/2017/12/11/young-adults-who-use-e-cigarettes-more-likely-to-switch-to-real-tobacco.html

A new study finds that among young adults who didn’t smoke cigarettes, the ones who had used electronic cigarettes were more than four times as likely than non vaping peers to start smoking traditional tobacco cigarettes within eighteen months. Almost half of the participants in the study who were vaping later began using regular cigarettes for the first time, according to the findings published Monday in the American Journal of Medicine.

The research, from the University of Pittsburgh, come as e-cigarettes are being hailed as a less harmful alternative to smoking tobacco cigarettes, which are known to cause cancer. Doctor Brian Primack, director of Pitt’s Center for Research on Media, Technology and Health, said the results were surprising.
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Primack’s study looked at the experiences of a group of people age eighteen to thirty who said they had never smoked cigarettes. Eighteen months after answering a questionnaire about their tobacco use, the nine hundred fifteen participants completed a follow-up survey. The research found that of all the people in that group, eleven point two percent said they had started smoking tobacco cigarettes.  

But the people in the group who had used e-cigarettes were much more likely to have switched to traditional cigarettes. The study found that among people with a history of e-cigarette use, forty seven point seven percent had started smoking tobacco cigarettes within the eighteen months.That compares to just ten point two percent of those who had not used e-cigarettes, the study found. Researchers weighted the findings by over- or under-emphasizing answers of participants to make them representative of the overall U.S. population.

E-cigarette makers have designed their products to replicate the “feel” of traditional cigarettes, whose users often value the ritual of using them.

http://www.nydailynews.com/life-style/flushable-pregnancy-test-receives-fda-approval-article-1.3691585

Lia, a startup from Philadelphia, has gotten clearance from the Food and Drug Administration to sell its flushable pregnancy test on the market. The product is the first and only FDA-approved flushable, biodegradable pregnancy test. The test has no glass or plastic and requires no batteries. It is made with a special paper that works long enough to take the test, but then degrades in water. Just like plastic pregnancy tests, the Lia tests will react to the pregnancy hormone found in urine called human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), displaying two lines to indicate pregnancy, one line if not.

Lia was founded in two thousand fifteen by Bethany Edwards and Anna Simpson, based on graduate research done by Edwards in Integrated Product Design at the University of Pennsylvania. The two University of Pennsylvania graduates wanted to innovate home pregnancy tests, which haven’t changed in decades.

The two creators won the Disrupt Cup at the Berlin conference, bringing home fifty thousand dollars in prize money. The company says the product was ninety nine percent accurate in advance tests and it’s expected to hit the market in mid-two thousand eighteen.

When it becomes available on Lia’s website and Amazon, the test could cost anywhere between nine dollars and twenty two dollars. Those who want to support the new product now can donate ten dollars for tests to be provided to organizations like Planned Parenthood, Whitman-Walker Health, PreserveFertility.org and other organizations.

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