The Health News United Kingdom January 23 2018

  • Flu can be spread from person to person simply via breathing, a new study has found, casting doubt on Government health advertisements that on focus on sneezing. A groundbreaking experiment on flu patients in the US revealed the virus’s capacity to aerosolise and linger in the atmosphere is significantly greater than previously thought. By contrast, sneezing appeared to play a relatively small part in spreading influenza, which has killed at least 120 people so far this winter and has now reached epidemic levels in some areas.
  • The “nanny state” move is in response to the nation’s growing obesity crisis, which is costing the NHS billions of pounds a year. For men the new rules mean a drop in food consumption of 700 calories a day. Current guidelines say males can consume 2,500 calories. For women the intake proposed is 200 down from the current 2,000 a day. PHE will use a campaign in March to recommend restricting food intake to 400 calories for breakfast, 600 for lunch and 600 for dinner.
  • Experts have said that all women over the age of 30 should be tested for faulty genes known to increase breast cancer and ovarian cancer risk. Having a faulty BRCA gene – either BRCA one or BRCA two – is known to increase a woman’s risk of both cancers, although the exact percentage of risk increase is still unclear. Currently, women are eligible for testing for the faulty genes if they have a close family history of cancer, usually meaning a parent or sibling has been affected.

News on Health Professional Radio. Today is the 23rd of January 2018. Read by Tabetha Moreto.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/science/2018/01/19/flu-outbreak-role-simple-breathing-far-greater-spreading-virus/

Flu can be spread from person to person simply via breathing, a new study has found, casting doubt on Government health advertisements that focus on sneezing. A groundbreaking experiment on flu patients in the US revealed the virus’s capacity to aerosolise and linger in the atmosphere is significantly greater than previously thought. By contrast, sneezing appeared to play a relatively small part in spreading influenza, which has killed at least one hundred twenty people so far this winter and has now reached epidemic levels in some areas.

The results, published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, call into question the relevance of some of Public Health England’s advertisements which prominently warn of the dangers of sneezing. While sneezing can transfer the virus, particularly by contaminating surfaces, people with flu sneeze relatively rarely, the researchers at the University of Maryland observed.
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The analysis of one hundred forty two flu patients found they were more likely to deposit the virus into the air around them during the early stage of their infection.

Latest data from Public Health England shows that cases of flu have risen by one hundred fifty percent in two weeks. The outbreak has reached epidemic levels in some parts of the UK with the “Japanese” strain now dominant after the NHS failed to vaccinate adults against it.

https://www.express.co.uk/news/uk/897203/calorie-intake-slashed-public-health-england-obesity-crisis

The “nanny state” move is in response to the nation’s growing obesity crisis, which is costing the NHS billions of pounds a year. For men the new rules mean a drop in food consumption of seven hundred calories a day. Current guidelines say males can consume two thousand five hundred calories. For women the intake proposed is two hundred down from the current two thousand a day.

The plan provoked a furious backlash with Public Health England, which is behind the idea, accused by one expert of basing its guidelines on “a lie”.  Public Health England’s latest calorie guidelines are not based on evidence and are essentially a lie designed to manipulate people into eating less
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PHE will use a campaign in March to recommend restricting food intake to four hundred calories for breakfast, six hundred for lunch and six hundred for dinner.  An additional two healthy snacks of up to one hundred calories each are permitted, bringing the total to one thousand eight hundred.

Latest UK figures show that some sixty seven percent of men and fifty seven percent of women are overweight with one in four adults classed as obese.
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Figures last month showed Britain is the sixth fattest nation in the world. PHE also says that food choices are responsible for weight gain and people should opt for healthier items.  According to PHE, obesity related medical problems are now responsible for more than thirty thousand deaths each year in the UK.

In the UK, some nineteen point one percent of children aged ten to eleven are now obese and a further fourteen point two percent are overweight.

http://www.huffingtonpost.co.uk/entry/all-women-over-30-should-be-tested-for-angelina-jolie-faulty-breast-cancer-gene-say-experts_uk_5a605d5ee4b046f0811d0b02?utm_hp_ref=uk-health-news

Experts have said that all women over the age of thirty should be tested for faulty genes known to increase breast cancer and ovarian cancer risk. Having a faulty BRCA gene – either BRCA one or BRCA two – is known to increase a woman’s risk of both cancers, although the exact percentage of risk increase is still unclear. Currently, women are eligible for testing for the faulty genes if they have a close family history of cancer, usually meaning a parent or sibling has been affected.

But researchers from Barts Cancer Institute at Queen Mary University of London said screening all women could cut cancer cases in the UK. Some women found to have a faulty BRCA gene, such as Angelina Jolie, choose to have preventative surgery, such as a double mastectomy, to limit their chances of a breast cancer diagnosis in the future.

In addition, women with a faulty BRCA gene and a family history of ovarian cancer sometimes opt to have their ovaries removed as a preventative measure. The research suggests testing all women over thirty could result in up to seventeen thousand fewer ovarian cancers and sixty four thousand fewer breast cancers over a lifetime.  

Previous studies have shown women carrying either a BRCA one or BRCA two gene mutation have between a seventeen to forty four percent chance of developing ovarian cancer and a sixty nine to seventy two percent chance of developing breast cancer over their lifetime. Among women who don’t carry the gene mutations, the risk of ovarian cancer is two percent while the risk of breast cancer is around twelve point five percent.

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