The Health News United Kingdom February 8 2018

  • Men who have sex with men are to be offered the HPV vaccination in England. The programme for men aged 45 or younger will start from April 2018, to protect them from some cancers caused by HPV as well as genital warts. Since 2008, girls aged 11 to 13  have been offered vaccination against HPV, which can cause cervical cancer. Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland already offer the vaccine to men who have sex with other men.
  • Google’s sister company DeepMind has moved closer to being able to train computers to become better than humans at diagnosing eye disease. A partnership with Moorfields Eye Hospital has shown “promising signs” in analysing retinal scans for signs of glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy. The Financial Times has reported that research has been submitted to a medical journal and the “artificial intelligence” technology could enter clinical trials in a few years.
  • The NHS will offer stronger flu jabs next year amid concern that this year’s vaccinations have failed to work effectively. Health officials said the public could expect “gold standard” protection from next winter, in a bid to cut death rates from flu. It follows the worst influenza season in seven years, and criticism of NHS decisions to offer jabs which have not protected against key strains in circulation, and those which have previously failed to protect the elderly.

News on Health Professional Radio. Today is the 8th of February 2018. Read by Tabetha Moreto.

http://www.bbc.com/news/health-42950608

Men who have sex with men are to be offered the (human papilloma virus) HPV vaccination in England. The programme for men aged forty five or younger will start from April two thousand eighteen, to protect them from some cancers caused by HPV as well as genital warts. Since two thousand eight, girls aged eleven to thirteen have been offered vaccination against HPV, which can cause cervical cancer. Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland already offer the vaccine to men who have sex with other men.

The English programme followed a successful pilot that started in forty two specialist sexual health clinics in England in two thousand sixteen. There will be a phased roll-out to men attending sexual health clinics and HIV clinics in England. The pilot was prompted by increasing evidence of the association between HPV infection and non-cervical cancers in men who have sex with men. This high risk group does not benefit from indirect protection from the vaccination programme for girls. HPV increases the risk of oral, anal and penile cancers.

Doctor Michael Edelstein, consultant epidemiologist at Public Health England, said: “Our evidence shows that men who have sex with men are welcoming an HPV vaccination programme, and it can be delivered successfully through sexual health services.”
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Last year a decision not to vaccinate boys against HPV attracted fierce criticism.

Critics said vaccinating boys could help reduce the risk of cancers still further.

https://www.standard.co.uk/news/health/google-experts-train-ai-to-seek-out-eye-disease-at-london-hospital-a3757951.html

Google’s sister company DeepMind has moved closer to being able to train computers to become better than humans at diagnosing eye disease. A partnership with Moorfields Eye Hospital has shown “promising signs” in analysing retinal scans for signs of glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration and diabetic retinopathy.

The Financial Times has reported that research has been submitted to a medical journal and the “artificial intelligence” technology could enter clinical trials in a few years. DeepMind has been analysing one million anonymised and historic eye scans to “learn” from the diagnoses already made by health professionals. Professor Sir Peng Tee Khaw, director of research and development at Moorfields in City Road, said: “I am optimistic that what we learn from this research will benefit people around the world and help put an end to avoidable sight loss.”

The FT said it is developing its eye algorithm to analyse radiotherapy scans at University College London Hospitals and Imperial’s mammograms.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2018/02/06/nhs-offer-gold-standard-flu-jabs-next-year-amid-concern-failings/

The NHS will offer stronger flu jabs next year amid concern that this year’s vaccinations have failed to work effectively. Health officials said the public could expect “gold standard” protection from next winter, in a bid to cut death rates from flu. It follows the worst influenza season in seven years, and criticism of NHS decisions to offer jabs which have not protected against key strains in circulation, and those which have previously failed to protect the elderly.

The NHS offers free vaccinations to pensioners, pregnant women, children under nine, and adults suffering from health conditions such as diabetes and asthma. From next year, pensioners will receive a new type of jab designed to boost their immune response, after the vaccine last year was found to have zero effectiveness. And younger adults eligible for the jab- such as pregnant women and those with diabetes and asthma – will receive a version which protects against four strains of flu. It follows concern that the vaccine most were given this year failed to protect against a strain called B-Yamagata – known as “Japanese flu” – which became one of the key ones in circulation.

In recent weeks, flu rates have stabilised, but this season has seen the highest rates for seven years, with one hundred ninety three confirmed deaths  and one thousand five hundred fifty two admissions to intensive care. Senior doctors said the NHS decision to choose a five pound jab which only protects against three strains for adults, instead of one costing eight pounds, covering the Japanese strain, had fuelled pressures on NHS hospitals this winter. Health officials said an independent cost-effectiveness study into this jab – which recommended it for adults under sixty five – was not updated until last October – after this year’s stocks were bought.

Professor Paul Cosford, Public Health England’s medical director said: “Vaccination is one of the best public health interventions we have available to us, saving thousands of lives every year.” General practitioners welcomed the new advice. However, the Royal College of GPs said some practices would have already ordered stocks for next year and would now be seeking advice about what they should do.

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