The Health News USA November 26 2017

  • According to a report released Tuesday, drugs, alcohol and suicide could lead to the deaths of more than 1.6 million people over the next ten years.  In 2015, there were 39.7 deaths per 100,000 U.S. residents due to drugs, alcohol and suicide compared with twenty three point one in nineteen ninety nine — a whopping increase of 72%
  • According to a study published on Wednesday, scientists have found prions — abnormal proteins widely believed to cause a rare, brain-destroying disease — in the skin of 23 patients who had died from it. The discovery suggests that skin samples might be used to improve detection of the disorder, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, which now is usually diagnosed with much more difficult procedures, like brain biopsies or autopsies.
  • Tens of millions more Americans now have high blood pressure. Almost half of all Americans – 46% are now considered to be in the high blood pressure category based on new guidelines released Monday. According to the new parameters set forth by the American Heart Association, the American College of Cardiology and 9 other health professional organizations that high blood pressure should be treated at rather 130/80 than 140/90.

News on Health Professional Radio. Today is the 26th of November 2017. Read by Tabetha Moreto.

https://www.usatoday.com/story/news/2017/11/21/deaths-drugs-alcohol-and-suicide-could-hit-1-6-m-over-next-decade-report-says/880887001/

According to a report released Tuesday, drugs, alcohol and suicide could lead to the deaths of more than one point six million people over the next ten years.  In two thousand fifteen, there were thirty nine point seven deaths per one hundred thousand U.S. residents due to drugs, alcohol and suicide compared with twenty three point one in nineteen ninety nine — a whopping increase of seventy two percent. That number could go up to fifty six deaths per one hundred thousand residents in two thousand twenty five, said the report commissioned by the Trust for America’s Health and the Well Being Trust.

Researchers from the Berkeley Research Group examined deaths from 1999-2015 using data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. New Mexico had the highest rate of drug, alcohol and suicide-related deaths in two thousand fifteen: seventy seven point four per one hundred thousand residents. West Virginia was second with sixty seven point four deaths, though it saw the largest jump of all the states — more than three times the twenty two point one it was in nineteen ninety nine. Drug overdose fatalities in the U.S. more than doubled from nineteen ninety nine to two thousand fifteen, from six point nine per one hundred thousand residents in nineteen ninety nine to sixteen point three per one hundred thousand residents in two thousand fifteen. That number could shoot up to twenty eight point four deaths per one hundred thousand residents by two thousand twenty five.

In two thousand sixteen, forty four point seven million Americans eighteen or older experienced a mental health issue, more than twenty million over the age of twelve had a substance abuse disorder, and eight point two million adults experienced both. According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s two thousand sixteen National Survey on Drug Use and Health, fewer than one in ten people with substance use disorders and less than half with mental health issues received recommended treatment.

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/11/22/health/prions-brain-creutzfeldt-jakob.html?rref=collection%2Fsectioncollection%2Fhealth

According to a study published on Wednesday, scientists have found prions — abnormal proteins widely believed to cause a rare, brain-destroying disease — in the skin of twenty three patients who had died from it.  The discovery suggests that skin samples might be used to improve detection of the disorder, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, which now is usually diagnosed with much more difficult procedures, like brain biopsies or autopsies.

But the presence of prions in the skin also raises unsettling questions about whether medical instruments could become contaminated even during surgery that does not involve the brain and then spread the disease to other patients. The prions stick to stainless steel and are notoriously hard to destroy.

According to the National Institutes of Health, Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease affects one person in a million worldwide, with about three hundred cases a year in the United States. People are typically about age sixty when it starts. It is cruel and rapidly fatal: Most patients die within a year of becoming ill. They deteriorate mentally, weaken, move uncontrollably, and may become blind and unable to speak. The disease belongs to the same class of brain disorders as mad-cow disease.

The researchers said that despite the new findings, there is no reason to change the medical care given to patients with the disease or to people known to have genetic mutations that may predispose them to Creutzfeldt-Jakob or related illnesses. The study, by scientists at Case Western and the National Institutes of Health, was published on Wednesday in the journal Science Translational Medicine.

http://edition.cnn.com/2017/11/13/health/new-blood-pressure-guidelines/index.html

Tens of millions more Americans now have high blood pressure. Almost half of all Americans — forty six percent — are now considered to be in the high blood pressure category based on new guidelines released Monday. According to the new parameters set forth by the American Heart Association, the American College of Cardiology and nine other health professional organizations that high blood pressure should be treated at one hundred thirty over eighty rather than one hundred forty over ninety.

Practicing physicians and the public are “going to be a little bit shocked or taken aback by a diagnosis of Stage one hypertension with a blood pressure of one hundred thirty over eighty, which historically has been considered a normal, well-controlled blood pressure,” said Doctor William White, a professor in the cardiology center at the University of Connecticut School of Medicine.

One in three Americans had previously been diagnosed with the condition, but now fourteen percent more Americans will be diagnosed with high blood pressure. According to the authors of the report, the new guidelines will classify one hundred three point three million people as having high blood pressure, while the previous guidelines placed only seventy two point two million Americans in this category.

Hypertension or high blood pressure is second only to smoking for causing preventable heart disease and stroke deaths, the authors said. The new guidelines define normal as less than one hundred twenty over eighty. When systolic pressure (the first number) is between one hundred thirty and one thirty nine or diastolic (the second number) is between eighty and eighty nine, this  will be referred to as Stage one hypertension. Stage two is when systolic is at least one forty or diastolic is at least ninety.

Liked it? Take a second to support healthprofessionalradio on Patreon!

0 Comments

Leave a Reply

You must be logged in to post a comment.