The Health News United Kingdom October 7 2017

  • The Scottish Health Survey attempts to measure the wellbeing of people living in Scotland. The 2016 survey shows that 26% of adults drink more than the recommended maximum of 14 units of alcohol per week. The prevalence of smoking among adults in 2016 was 21%, according to the survey. The survey for last year said 24% of adults were ex-smokers and 55% reported they had never smoked.
  • A Widnes waste processing company was fined £70,000 after a worker was crushed to death. Liverpool Crown Court heard how on March 1, Fresco Environmental Ltd employee Kevin Wright was processing waste carpet to be re-baled when one of the bales fell from a stack and landed on him, causing injuries from which he later died.
  • New cases of HIV have fallen among gay and bisexual men for the first time, thanks partly to a controversial new drug labelled a “promiscuity pill” by critics. The 21 per cent decline has been hailed as “one of the most significant advances” in the fight against the epidemic since it took hold in the 1980s.

News on Health Professional Radio. Today is the 7th of  October 2017. Read by Tabetha Moreto. Health News

http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-scotland-41482901

The Scottish Health Survey attempts to measure the wellbeing of people living in Scotland.
The two thousand sixteen survey shows that twenty six percent of adults drink more than the recommended maximum of  fourteen units of alcohol per week.This is well down on the figure or thirty four percent from two thousand three but similar to levels in recent years. The survey said men were twice as likely to drink above the limit as women or thirty five percent to seventeen percent. On average, it said men drank sixteen point nine units and women eight point eight.
It also said people in the least deprived areas drank on more days or two point nine than those in the most deprived areas or two point three days. The percentage of adults reporting that they do not drink alcohol remained steady at sixteen.

The rate of smoking among adults in two thousand sixteen was twenty one percent, according to the survey. The survey for last year said twenty four percent of adults were ex-smokers and fifty five percent reported they had never smoked. The average for the number of cigarettes smoked per day was higher for male smokers or thirteen point seven than for female smokers or eleven point seven. Smoking prevalence was highest among adults aged twenty five to fifty four. Levels of e-cigarette usage remained steady at seven percent.

Among adults aged sixteen and over, fifteen percent had some form of cardiovascular disease or CVD and five percent had diabetes.Older people were more likely to have some form of CVD or diabetes than young people or forty seven percent of those aged seven five and over compared with five of those aged sixteen to twenty four. The annual Scottish Health Survey questioned four thousand three hundred twenty three adults and one thousand five hundred sixty one children.

http://www.liverpoolecho.co.uk/news/liverpool-news/firm-fined-70000-after-health-13710018

A Widnes waste processing company was fined seventy thousand pounds  after a worker was crushed to death. Liverpool Crown Court heard how on March one, Fresco Environmental Ltd employee Kevin Wright was processing waste carpet to be re-baled when one of the bales fell from a stack and landed on him, causing injuries from which he later died. At the time, flowers were left at the firm’s gates on Everite Road and tributes poured in online to the twenty seven-year-old.

An investigation by the Health And Safety Executive or HSE found the company ‘failed to ensure’ proper controls were in place to reduce the risk of bales falling and injuring workers.

A HSE spokesman said there were no exclusion zones around the stacks of bales, which were also ‘poorly’ stacked and in ‘close proximity’ to vibrating machinery.

The spokesman said the investigation also found that the company’s managing director, Lee Heaps, failed to ensure that a safe system of work was in place for the processing of carpet bales and thereby exposed his employees to ‘avoidable risks’. Fresco pleaded guilty to breaching Section two (one) of the Health And Safety At Work Act nineteen seventy four and was fined seventy thousand pounds and ordered to pay three thousand five hundred pounds towards costs at a sentencing hearing held at Liverpool Crown Court.

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2017/10/03/hiv-cases-among-gay-bisexual-men-drop-first-time-experts-hail/

New cases of HIV have fallen among gay and bisexual men for the first time, thanks partly to a controversial new drug labelled a “promiscuity pill” by critics. The twenty one per cent decline has been hailed as “one of the most significant advances” in the fight against the epidemic since it took hold in the nineteen eighties. Overall there has been an eighteen per cent drop in the number of people newly diagnosed with the sexually transmitted disease – five thousand one hundred sixty four last year – the biggest fall on record, according to Public Health England.

The downward trend was boosted by London, traditionally an area of high prevalence, where new cases among gay and bisexual men fell twenty nine per cent. Health officials said the improved picture was due to more regular and frequent testing, as well as quicker diagnosis and treatment. But the Terrence Higgins Trust, which campaigns on behalf of HIV patients, said access to the controversial new drug PrEP or preexposure prophylaxis, which the NHS has been legally obliged to start funding, would also contribute to the fall in cases.The medication, which is taken in pill form before sex, reduces the risk of infection by approximately 86 per cent.
….
The Terrence Higgins Trust welcomed the new statistics, but cautioned that forty two per cent of people with HIV are still being diagnosed late, reducing the efficacy of treatments to help them live with the disease, for which there is not yet a cure.

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